Biomonitoring and health risks assessment of trace elements in various age- and gender-groups exposed to road dust in habitable urban-industrial areas of Hefei, China


Ali M. U. , Liu G., Yousaf B. , Ullah H., Abbas Q., Munir M. A. M. , ...More

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, vol.244, pp.809-817, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 244
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.10.084
  • Title of Journal : ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
  • Page Numbers: pp.809-817
  • Keywords: Human biomonitoring, Hair, Nails, Bioindicators, Potentially toxic elements, Road dust, HUMAN HAIR, TOXIC ELEMENTS, HEAVY-METALS, SCALP HAIR, WHOLE-BLOOD, SAMPLES, NAILS, POLLUTION, URANIUM, LEAD

Abstract

The current study investigates the concentration of eleven trace elements in biomaterials including hair (85) and nails (85) along with seventy five (75) road dust samples collected from a healthy population of habitable urban-industrial areas of Hefei, China. The samples were acid digested and analyzed using ICPMS for trace elements content. The mean concentration of Elements followed descending order of Zn > Mg > Fe > Cr > Al > Sn > Sr > Ti > Cu > As > Cd and Mg > Zn > Fe > Cr > Al > Sn > Ti > Cu > Sr > As > Cd in hair and nails, respectively. Overall, the concentration of elements was found to be high in female subject as compared to male. The concentration of trace elements in hair and nail exceeded the maximum permissible limits in most cases. The corresponding mean values from dust samples were fairly high as compared to background values of trace elements. Middle age groups (21-30 years and 31-40 years) were observed to be the most vulnerable there-by posing a high health risk, as the concentration of trace elements was significantly high in these groups except for Al, which was detected high in age < 20 in case of both male and female. A significantly high correlation was found between trace elements in biomaterials and those detected in dust samples. In hair samples, a significantly positive correlation was noticed for As with Mg, Zn, Sn and Fe, Sn/Mg and Mg/Ti. In the case of nails, a significant correlation was observed for elements like Al, Mg, Zn, Cr, and Cu. The Cluster and principal component analysis revealed industrial and vehicular emissions as main sources for trace elements exposure in humans. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.