The impact of age-specific minimum wages on youth employment and education: a regression discontinuity analysis


Dayıoğlu Tayfur M. , Küçükbayrak M., Tumen S.

International Journal of Manpower, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/ijm-02-2021-0079
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Manpower
  • Keywords: Age-specific minimum wages, Education, Regression discontinuity design, Youth employment

Abstract

© 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.Purpose: Using a regression discontinuity design in tandem with a difference-in-discontinuities analysis, the study finds that increasing the minimum wage reduces the employment probability of young males by 2.5–3.1 percentage points. Design/methodology/approach: The authors exploit an age-specific minimum wage rule – which sets a lower minimum wage for workers of age 15 than the adult minimum wage paid to workers of age 16 and above – and its abolition to estimate the causal effect of a minimum wage increase on youth employment and education in Turkey. Findings: The authors also document that, initially, the minimum wage increase does not lead to a major change in high school enrollment, while the likelihood of transitioning into “neither in employment nor in education and training” (NEET) category notably increases. However, in the medium term, the NEET effect is transitory; school enrollment increases over time and absorbs the negative employment effect. Originality/value: The authors argue that policy effects have mostly been driven by demand-side forces rather than the supply side.