Measuring the performance of joint ventures has been an important research topic for a few decades. No consensus on an appropriate definition and measurement of performance of international joint ventures (IJVs) has yet emerged, and the validity of the underlying measures is still questionable. In this study, the construct validity of measures that define IJV performance in construction is evaluated using data obtained through a questionnaire survey. A second-order performance construct is proposed, which is measured by means of project performance, partner performance, performance of IJV management, and perceived satisfaction with IJV. The validity of the performance measures is evaluated by means of tests that assess content validity, reliability, and convergent and discriminant validity. The findings reveal that all proposed indicators are valid measures of IJV performance and that they correspond to different dimensions of performance. This research is expected to trigger further work on developing a multidimensional performance measure for IJVs in construction. In addition, the findings can help practitioners reflect on how they operate and measure the success of their IJVs. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000314. (c) 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.