Strengthening the existing hollow brick infill walls by bonding high-strength precast concrete panels or applying steel fibre reinforced mortar was found to be an occupant-friendly seismic retrofitting technique for the buildings in use with deficient reinforced concrete structural systems. Both techniques convert the existing non-structural hollow brick infill walls into load-carrying structural members. To verify the effectiveness of the techniques, 20 reinforced concrete frames with hollow brick infill walls were tested under reversed cyclic lateral loading simulating earthquake. In the present study, hollow brick infill walls strengthened by these techniques were modelled by means of two equivalent diagonal struts in the analytical studies. Analytical results matched well with the experimental results. A performance-based rehabilitation case study of an existing building showed that both techniques offer a sound and practical solution for rehabilitation studies.