Gendered Citizenship: A Post-structural and Critical Analysis of the Citizenship Curriculum Regarding Gender

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Özge K. O., AKAR H.

EGITIM VE BILIM, vol.47, no.211, pp.297-322, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 211
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.15390/eb.2022.11245
  • Journal Name: EGITIM VE BILIM
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, EBSCO Education Source, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.297-322
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to analyze primary school students’ experiences

from a gender-based perspective throughout the primary school

curriculum taking the curriculum as a phenomenological construct

and an apparatus to reproduce orthodoxies in a diverse context in

the Southern region of Turkey. Via utilizing a multi-phase

embedded case study, this research included the qualitative data

that obtained from 4th grade textbooks and 11 schools, including

site visits, classroom observations, and semi-structured interviews

with 27 teachers, 10 managers, and 10 counselors. Thick data were

subjected to inductive qualitative analysis and triangulated for

trustworthiness. Findings revealed the gendered character of

citizenship and the reproduction of gender roles through formal

education, in which boys had more space to act flexible and free

compared to girls. Findings also manifested the intersections of

class, ethnicity, and nationality with gender, leading to girls’

diverse experiences from different socio-economic and cultural

backgrounds. In addition, the existence of resistance was also

apparent in a few participants’ discourses through which

education could be defined as a ‘praxis’ rather than ‘reproduction.’