Scale-up synthesis of zinc borate from the reaction of zinc oxide and boric acid in aqueous medium

Kilinc M., Cakal G. O., Yesil S., BAYRAM G., EROĞLU İ., ÖZKAR S.

JOURNAL OF CRYSTAL GROWTH, vol.312, no.22, pp.3361-3366, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 312 Issue: 22
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2010.05.048
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3361-3366
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Synthesis of zinc borate was conducted in a laboratory and a pilot scale batch reactor to see the influence of process variables on the reaction parameters and the final product, 2ZnO center dot 3B(2)O(3)center dot 3.5H(2)O. Effects of stirring speed, presence of baffles, amount of seed, particle size and purity of zinc oxide, and mole ratio of H3BO3:ZnO on the zinc borate formation reaction were examined at a constant temperature of 85 degrees C in a laboratory (4 L) and a pilot scale (85 L) reactor. Products obtained from the reaction in both reactors were characterized by chemical analysis, X-ray diffraction, particle size distribution analysis, thermal gravimetric analysis and scanning electron microscopy. The kinetic data for the zinc borate production reaction was fit by using the logistic model. The results revealed that the specific reaction rate, a model parameter, decreases with increase in particle size of zinc oxide and the presence of baffles, but increases with increase in stirring speed and purity of zinc oxide; however, it is unaffected with the changes in the amount of seed and reactants ratio. The reaction completion time is unaffected by scaling-up. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.