Design and Development of Heusler Alloys for Magnetic Refrigeration Applications

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Mekhrabov A. , Akdeniz M. V.

Modern Trends in Physics-MTP-2019, Baku, Azerbaijan, 1 - 03 May 2019, pp.9-15

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Baku
  • Country: Azerbaijan
  • Page Numbers: pp.9-15


Cooling systems are used in houses, cars, hospitals, defence systems and many other such areas. However, the gases (chlorofluorocarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons) present in today's refrigerant systems are harmful to the environment and cause global warming. Moreover, today's cooling technology is expensive and low-efficiency technology. Therefore, new and cost-effective with higher energy efficiencies cooling systems have begun to be developed to eliminate the use of these harmful gases. Among them, magnetic refrigeration has attracted increasing interest in the materials research communities because of its higher cooling efficiency and environmentally friendliness.

Full Heusler alloys are magnetic ternary intermetallic compounds with the L21-type crystal structure. Typically, these alloys undergo a low temperature martensitic transformation (austenite↔martensite), a magnetic transformation (ferromagnetic↔paramagnetic) and relatively high temperature atomic ordering (order↔order and order↔disorder) transformations. After the discovery of the ferromagnetic shape memory (FSM) and giant magnetocaloric effects (GMCE) in Ni-Mn-Ga alloy, Ni-Mn based Heusler alloys have received considerable attention due to their unique magnetic and structural properties.

The presentation will be an overview of the main research thrusts at the “Novel Alloys Design and Development Lab” (NOVALAB) of MetE-METU in the designing and development of advanced metallic materials for magnetic refrigeration applications.