A Proposal for a Comprehensive Approach to Safer Non-engineered Houses


Narafu T., Ishiyama Y., Okazaki K., Ando S., Imai H., Pribadi K. S. , ...More

JOURNAL OF ASIAN ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING ENGINEERING, vol.9, no.2, pp.315-322, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.3130/jaabe.9.315
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF ASIAN ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING ENGINEERING
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.315-322
  • Keywords: earthquakes, disaster reduction, non-engineered houses, comprehensive approach
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Reducing earthquake disasters in non-engineered houses is an acute issue because they are a main cause of human casualties worldwide. Since non-engineered houses differ from engineered houses in many respects, the authors conducted a comparative study and clarified the characteristics of the former. Based on this study, they found that reducing disasters in non-engineered houses would require appropriate seismic technologies to be adopted by communities and effective channels to disseminate technical knowledge. Further, a comprehensive approach covering a wider field of activity and effort was found to be necessary as users/dwellers of non-engineered houses are low/middle-income people and a professional housing supply sector usually does not exist for such houses. This paper reports on the characteristics of non-engineered houses, indicates the items to be tackled in reducing earthquake disasters in such dwellings, and proposes an approach to safer non-engineered houses consisting of key issues and a comprehensive approach.