Neo-Iranian Nationalism: Pre-Islamic Grandeur and Shi'i Eschatology in President Mahmud Ahmadinejad's Rhetoric


Fozi N.

MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL, cilt.70, sa.2, ss.227-248, 2016 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 70 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3751/70.2.13
  • Dergi Adı: MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.227-248

Özet

In 2009, Iranian president Mahmud Ahmadinejad began to invoke nationalist sentiments by paying homage to Iran's pre-Islamic history; a significant shift from 30 years of disparaging this period. Tracing the religious and political genealogies of Ahmadinejad's discourse, this article analyzes the climate that rendered both the Islamic Republic's Shi'i-oriented nationalism and the secular alternative proposed by the Pahlavi dynasty politically inadequate. Such a climate provided conditions to amalgamate, albeit incompletely, a "neo-Iranian" nationalist discourse based on restoring ancient Persia's grandeur and bolstered by Shi'i eschatology.