The relationship between sexism and attitudes toward homosexuality in a sample of Turkish college students

Sakalli N.

JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, vol.42, no.3, pp.53-64, 2002 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1300/j082v42n03_04
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.53-64
  • Keywords: homosexuality, sexism, attitudes, traditionalism, conservatism, hostile sexism, benevolent sexism, social contact, intergroup prejudice, sex differences, HETEROSEXUALS ATTITUDES, GAY MEN, AMBIVALENT SEXISM, BENEVOLENT SEXISM, HOMOPHOBIA, LESBIANS, HOSTILE, WOMEN
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study examined the relationship of sexism, having traditional and conservative values, and contact with homosexual individuals to attitudes toward homosexuality. Two hundred seven male and female students from Middle East Technical University completed Hudson and Rickett's Homophobia scale, Glick and Fiske's Ambivalent Sexism Inventory and questions about: (1) their sexual preferences, (2) whether they described themselves as traditional and conservative, and (3) whether they knew a homosexual or not. Sexist attitudes, being more traditional and conservative, and not knowing any homosexual individuals all predicted more negative attitudes toward homosexuality. The correlation between hostile sexism and anti-homosexual attitudes was higher than the correlation between benevolent sexism and anti-homosexual attitudes. In addition, male, as compared to female, respondents were both more sexist and held more negative attitudes toward homosexuality. (C) 2002 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.