Segmental duration modelling in Turkish

Ozturk O., Ciloglu T.

TEXT, SPEECH AND DIALOGUE, PROCEEDINGS, vol.4188, pp.669-676, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4188
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Page Numbers: pp.669-676


Naturalness of synthetic speech highly depends on appropriate modelling of prosodic aspects. Mostly, three prosody components are modelled: segmental duration, pitch contour and intensity. In this study, we present our work on modelling segmental duration in Turkish using machine-learning algorithms, especially Classification and Regression Trees. The models predict phone durations based on attributes such as current, preceding and following phones' identities, stress, part-of-speech, word length in number of syllables, and position of word in utterance extracted from a speech corpus. Obtained models predict segment durations better than mean duration approximations (similar to 0.77 Correlation Coefficient, and 20.4 ms Root-Mean Squared Error). In order to improve prediction performance further, attributes used to develop segmental duration are optimized by means of Sequential Forward Selection method. As a result of Sequential Forward Selection method, phone identity, neighboring phone identities, lexical stress, syllable type, part-of-speech, phrase break information, and location of word in the phrase constitute optimum attribute set for phoneme duration modelling.