Temperature-dependent structural transition, electronic properties and impedance spectroscopy analysis of Tl2InGaS4 crystals grown by the Bridgman method

Qasrawi A. F. , Alkarem Q. A. , Gasanly N.

MATERIALS SCIENCE IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING, vol.84, pp.76-82, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 84
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.mssp.2018.05.003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.76-82
  • Keywords: Deformation, Defects in solids, Recrystallization, Strain, Negative capacitance, OPTICAL-PROPERTIES, PHOTOLUMINESCENCE


In this work, we report the temporary structural modifications associated with the in situ heating of the Tl2InGaS4 crystals in the temperature range of 300-420 K. The analysis of the X-ray diffraction patterns revealed the temperature-independent possible phase transformations between the monoclinic and triclinic phases. The temperature analysis of the lattice parameters, crystallite size, strain, dislocation density and stacking faults has shown a temporary enhancement in the crystallinity of this compound above 375 K. Significant increase in the grain size accompanied to decrease in the strain, defect density and stacking faults was observed above this temperature. The scanning electron microscopy imaging has shown that the crystals are layer structured with high quality layers of thicknesses of similar to 12 nm. In addition the energy dispersive X-ray analysis has shown that the crystal comprise no detectable impurity. Moreover, the room temperature optical characterizations has shown that the Tl2InGaS4 exhibit an energy band gap of 2.5 eV. The temperature dependent electrical resistivity measurements indicated highly resistive crystal with activation energy values of 0.84 and 0.19 eV above and below 375 K, respectively. On the other hand, room temperature impedance spectroscopy analysis in the frequency domain of 10-1800 MHz has shown that the crystal exhibits negative resistance and negative capacitance effects below and above 1580 MHz. The crystals are observed also to behave as band stop filter with notch frequency of 1711 MHz.