Experimental and Computational Investigation of Out-of-Plane Low Velocity Impact Behavior of CFRP Composite Plates

Topac O. T., Tasdemir B., Gozluklu B., GÜRSES E., ÇÖKER D.

Annual Conference and Exposition of Society-for-Experimental-Mechanics on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, California, United States Of America, 8 - 11 June 2015, vol.8, pp.9-16 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 8
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-319-21611-9_2
  • City: California
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.9-16
  • Keywords: Delamination, Matrix cracking, Transverse impact, High-speed camera, Experimental validation, SIMULATION, DAMAGE
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Strength of composite materials under transverse loading has remained a major weakness despite numerous advancements in composite technologies. Most frequent and critical result of this characteristic is internal delamination damage, which is undetectable and lead to major strength reduction in the structure. This condition is usually encountered in low-velocity impact situations which frequently occur during the maintenance of aircraft. Past studies have successfully developed experimental and analysis methods for accurately predicting impact force history and damage footprint based on the comparison with post-impact results. However, there is almost no experimental work on the progression sequence of damage during impact in the literature. This paper focuses on experimental and computational investigation of the damage initiation and growth process during low-velocity impact of [07/904](s) and [907/04](s) cross-ply CFRP laminates. In the experiments, through-the-thickness direction is tracked using ultra-high speed camera and DIC technique to record damage progression and dynamic strain fields. In the numerical part of the study 3-D explicit, finite element analysis is conducted to model matrix crack initiation and propagation. The finite element results are then compared with experiments in terms of failure modes and sequence.