In this study, concentrations of elements and ions were measured in atmospheric aerosol and rainwater samples collected at two rural stations on the Mediterranean and Black Sea coasts of Turkey. The relationship between chemical compositions of atmospheric aerosol and rainwater was investigated using receptor-oriented methods utilizing long-term data collected at the Antalya and Amasra stations in Turkey. Factor analysis performed on aerosol and rainwater data sets yielded that source types affecting chemical composition of rain and atmospheric particles were generally the same, but the contribution of each source type to rain and aerosol compositions showed differences. Potential source contribution function calculations were performed to determine if source regions affecting the chemical composition of rain and atmospheric particles were identical. The general pattern observed in distribution of source regions in rainwater and aerosol data sets showed some similarities at both stations, but there were substantial differences in detail.