Biomechanics of the Gazi type pelvis external skeletal fixator

Korkusuz F., Kaymak O., Citipitioglu E., Akkas N.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART H-JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE, vol.211, no.5, pp.401-409, 1997 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


External skeletal fixation is an alternative method of treatment to conventional therapy and open surgical procedures in pelvis fractures. The appropriate type of frame and the configuration of the connecting bars of these fixators are under investigation. In the Gazi type pelvis external fixator (GPEF) which has been developed, a 70 degrees angulation is applied to the connecting bars of the anterior quadrangular frame. This configuration, which is expected to improve the stability of the posterior column of the pelvis, was evaluated biomechanically on a phantom with various types of pelvic fractures and separations. The results suggest that the GPEF effectively controls anterior column pelvis fractures such as unilateral pubic ramus fractures, unilateral ischium pubis rami fractures and symphysis pubis separations under vertical loads. The fixator is partially capable of stabilizing the posterior column; however, loads above 700 N cause separation at the fracture site. Further studies and clinical trials are essential to determine the GPEF's effectiveness in reducing blood loss and in providing stability at the posterior column.