Earthquake-induced liquefaction around marine structures


Sumer B. M. , Ansal A., Cetin K. O. , Damgaard J., Gunbak A. R. , Hansen N. O. , ...More

JOURNAL OF WATERWAY PORT COASTAL AND OCEAN ENGINEERING, vol.133, no.1, pp.55-82, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 133 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1061/(asce)0733-950x(2007)133:1(55)
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF WATERWAY PORT COASTAL AND OCEAN ENGINEERING
  • Page Numbers: pp.55-82

Abstract

This paper gives a state-of-the-art review of seismic-induced liquefaction with special reference to marine structures. The paper is organized in seven sections: (1) introduction; (2) seismic-induced liquefaction in which a general account of soil liquefaction is presented; (3) existing codes/guidelines regarding seismic-induced liquefaction and its implications for marine structures; (4) review of the Japanese experience, giving a brief history of earthquakes and design codes, describing the current design code/standard for port and harbor facilities including counter measures and remediation; (5) review of the liquefaction damage inflicted on marine structures in the 1999 Turkey Kocaeli Earthquake, including recommendations which draw on the lessons learned; (6) assessment of postliquefaction ground deformation (more specifically of lateral ground spreading); and (7) tsunamis and their impact. The present paper and the existing guidelines (CEN, ASCE, and PIANC) form a complementary source of information on earthquake-induced liquefaction with special reference to its impact on marine structures.