In this paper we discuss the design and implementation of an intelligent program parallelization system, called InParS. This system in based on intelligent parallelization models proposed by many researchers in the area of parallelizing compilers. The presented experiment is one of few attempts toward investigating the viability of artificial intelligence techniques in automatic program parallelization. The early version of InParS was aimed at transforming Fortran-like DO loops into a vector code well-suited for vector processors. The new version of InParS targets distributed memory parallel computers. Some preliminary research results are also presented, which give an indication of how incorporating artificial intelligence techniques can contribute towards the success of automatic program parallelization. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.