Surveys of aflatoxin B1 contamination of retail Turkish foods and of products intended for export between 2007 and 2009

Ulca P., Evcimen M. K. , Senyuva H. Z.

FOOD ADDITIVES & CONTAMINANTS PART B-SURVEILLANCE, vol.3, no.2, pp.120-125, 2010 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/19393210.2010.493619
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.120-125
  • Keywords: bakery products, biscuits, cereals and grain, cocoa, cooked foods, dried fruit, ingredients, aflatoxins, DRIED FIGS


Surveys were carried out between 2007 and 2009 to determine the aflatoxin B1 content of 3345 commercial Turkish foodstuffs supplied by producers for testing for their own purposes or for export certification. To simplify the reporting of data, foods were categorized as: 1, high sugar products with nuts; 2, nuts and seeds; 3, spices; 4, grain; 5, cocoa products; 6, dried fruit and vegetables; 7, processed cereal products; 8, tea; and 9, baby food and infant formula. Aflatoxin analysis was carried out by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection after immunoaffinity column clean-up, with a recoveries ranging from 91% to 99%, depending on the matrix. Of the 3345 samples analysed, 94% contained aflatoxin B1 below the European Union limit of 2 mu g kg-1, which applies to nuts, dried fruit, and cereals products. The 6% of the 206 contaminated samples were mainly nuts and spices. For pistachios, 24%, 38%, and 42% of the totals of 207, 182, and 24 samples tested for 2007, 2008 and 2009, respectively, were above 2 mu g kg-1, with 50 samples containing aflatoxin B1 at levels ranging from 10 to 477 mu g kg-1.