Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) system, which emerged from the developments in the telecommunications and television technology and the convergence of these, is anticipated as a technology of the future. The fact that many technologies of the past presented as the future of technology passed into the dusty pages of history created suspicion towards IPTV system. Firstly, within the framework of these questions, the structure of IPTV system is defined and its comparison to the other publishing systems is made in this study Then, the actors that are involved in the telecommunications, television and regulatory fields are examined. Finally, by the examination of the effects of these actors in IPTV system, the factors affecting the diffusion of IPTV in the world and in Turkey are revealed. In the light of this information, it is set forth the claims that presented IPTV as the technology of future are controversial.