Impressions Based on a Portrait Predict, 1-Month Later, Impressions Following a Live Interaction

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Gunaydin G., SELÇUK E. , Zayas V.

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PERSONALITY SCIENCE, vol.8, no.1, pp.36-44, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1948550616662123
  • Page Numbers: pp.36-44
  • Keywords: impression formation, person perception, photographs, live interactions, interpersonal relationships, behavioral confirmation, halo effect, thin slices of behavior, VOCAL ATTRACTIVENESS, 1ST IMPRESSIONS, FACIAL IMAGES, PERSONALITY, ACCURACY, TRUSTWORTHINESS, KNOWLEDGE, BEHAVIOR


When it comes to person perception, does one "judge a book by its cover?" Perceivers made judgments of liking, and of personality, based on a photograph of an unknown other, and at least 1 month later, made judgments following a face-to-face interaction with the same person. Photograph-based liking judgments predicted interaction-based liking judgments, and, to a lesser extent, photograph-based personality judgments predicted interaction-based personality judgments (except for extraversion). Consistency in liking judgments (1) partly reflected behavioral confirmation (i.e., perceivers with favorable photograph-based judgments behaved more warmly toward the target during the live interaction, which elicited greater target warmth); (2) explained, at least in part, consistency in personality judgments (reflecting a halo effect); and (3) remained robust even after controlling for perceiver effects, target effects, and perceived attractiveness. These findings support the view that even after having "read a book," one still, to some extent, judges it by its "cover."