The mechanical behaviour of compacted Lambeth-group clays with and without fibre reinforcement

Ekinci A., Ferreira P. M. V. , Rezaeian M.

GEOTEXTILES AND GEOMEMBRANES, vol.50, no.1, pp.1-19, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2021.08.003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Compendex, Geobase, INSPEC, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-19
  • Keywords: Fabric, Structure, Laboratory tests, Reinforced soil, State boundary surface, Fissured day, SHEAR-STRENGTH, SURFACE-TREATMENT, SOIL, POLYPROPYLENE


This study investigated the effect of fibre reinforcement on the large strain behaviour of compacted clay samples tested using large triaxial test equipment. A novel specimen preparation method was proposed where peds of clay are compacted to closely simulate the in-situ compaction. A large number of 100 x 200 mm triaxial tests and one-dimensional compression tests were performed using reinforced and unreinforced samples. The behaviour of unreinforced samples was observed to be similar to highly fissured clays; ped compaction generated a random fissure pattern due to the contact between peds. The addition of fibres to the compacted samples created fissures with higher mobility at lower friction than those in the unreinforced samples; hence, the state boundary surface of reinforced clay was below that of the unreinforced clay. With the addition of fibres, the failure mechanism changed from the formation of a shear plane to barrelling, demonstrating that the fibres transferred stresses further away from the shear plane, producing a more homogeneous stress distribution. The preparation method proposed here produced a fissure pattern in the clay that introduced transitional behaviour, which was drastically reduced with addition of the fibres, allowing better normalisation and the definition of a unique boundary surface.