The Commission for the Preservation of Antiquities and its role in the appropriation of Istanbul's diverse heritage as national heritage (1939-1953)


AYKAÇ LEIDHOLM P.

NEW PERSPECTIVES ON TURKEY, vol.62, pp.75-99, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 62
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1017/npt.2020.7
  • Journal Name: NEW PERSPECTIVES ON TURKEY
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, ABI/INFORM, American History and Life, Historical Abstracts, Index Islamicus, Political Science Complete, Public Affairs Index, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.75-99
  • Keywords: party system change, polarized pluralism, predominant party system, Turkish party system, TURKISH PARTY SYSTEM, TURKEY, ELECTIONS, AKP, INSTITUTIONALIZATION, CHALLENGES, ANATOMY, REGIME

Abstract

This paper re-evaluates the party system change in Turkey based on Sartori's framework. It also explores the role of opposition parties in this. The paper suggests that, while a fragmented opposition may lead to the emergence of a one-party government and/or military intervention because of the high levels of polarization it induces, bilateral opposition prolongs one-party governments. The paper relies on an analysis of party programs and public opinion surveys in order to position the parties in terms of spatial distance and to understand the level of polarization.