DFT investigation of high temperature water gas shift reaction on chromium-iron mixed oxide catalyst

Yalcin O., ÖNAL I.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.39, no.34, pp.19563-19569, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 34
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.09.150
  • Page Numbers: pp.19563-19569
  • Keywords: WGSR, DFT, High-temperature shift, Chromium-iron oxide catalyst, MEMBRANE REACTORS, ADSORPTION, HYDROGEN


As part of high temperature water gas shift reaction mechanism, CO adsorption and H2O adsorption on Fe3O4 (111) and chromium atom substituted Fe3O4 (111) slab surfaces are investigated by means of periodic DFT approach using VASP. Fe3O4 bulk structure has been computed including the Hubbard (U) parameter. One oxygen site (Ooct1) is studied as a probable site among the six Fe3O4 (111) terminations. Cr atom substitution on this surface is also examined. Cr atoms prefer being on the surface rather than in the bulk structure and Cr atoms substitute on the octahedral iron atom layer (Ooct2Cr). Adsorption energies of CO on Ooct1 and Ooct2Cr are found as -96 kcal/mol and -47 kcal/mol. Water adsorption on Ooct1 surface is molecular with -54.88 kcal/mol adsorption energy. On the other hand, water adsorption on Ooct2Cr surface is dissociative with nearly same adsorption energy, -55.12 kcal/mol, indicating the catalytic effect of chromium atom. Copyright (C) 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.