Robust Tracking in Cellular Networks Using HMM Filters and Cell-ID Measurements

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Bshara M., Orguner U., Gustafsson F., Van Biesen L.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, vol.60, no.3, pp.1016-1024, 2011 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tvt.2011.2107926
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1016-1024
  • Keywords: Cell identification (Cell-ID), Global Positioning System (GPS), Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), hidden Markov model (HMM), location-based service (LBS), mobile worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX), navigation, positioning, positioning accuracy, WiMAX networks, LOCALIZATION, STRENGTH


A localization algorithm based on cell identification (Cell-ID) information is proposed. Instead of building the localization decisions only on the serving base station, all the detected Cell-IDs (serving or nonserving) by the mobile station are utilized. The statistical modeling of user motion and the measurements are done via a hidden Markov model (HMM), and the localization decisions are made with maximum a posteriori estimation criterion using the posterior probabilities from an HMM filter. The results are observed and compared with standard alternatives on an example whose data were collected from a worldwide interoperability for microwave access network in a challenging urban area in the Brussels capitol city.