Topical delivery of heparin from PLGA nanoparticles entrapped in nanofibers of sericin/gelatin scaffolds for wound healing

Basaran D. D. A. , GÜNDÜZ U. , TEZCANER A. , KESKİN D.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS, vol.597, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 597
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2021.120207
  • Keywords: Heparin, PLGA nanoparticles, Sericin/Gelatin Scaffold, Wound dressing, Wet electrospinning


Skin regeneration is one of the most important issues in tissue engineering. Research on more effective biomaterials that will enhance regeneration while enabling requirements of a healing skin site is an important challenge in skin tissue engineering. In this study, heparin was encapsulated in Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) which were then incorporated into Sericin/Gelatin (Ser/Gel) nanofibers during the electrospinning process in order to develop a combined system that has controlled release approach, besides the ability to help the regeneration of skin tissue by the involvement of biopolymers; gelatin, and sericin. The loading capacity and heparin encapsulation efficiency in the nanoparticles were determined as 30.04 mg/g of polymer and 60%, respectively. Cumulative release of heparin from NPs for 1 week was faster than from NPs loaded gelatin scaffolds and from dual protein (Ser/Gel) scaffolds with ratios: 1/7 and 1/2 (approximately 85%, 65%, 55%, and 40%, respectively). Sericin addition slowed down the degradation properties of the scaffold. The scaffold having a Ser/Gel ratio (1/2) was found as the most promising candidate because of its proper fiber morphology, high water retention, and low degradation degree.