CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, vol.79, no.1, pp.42-53, 2001 (SCI-Expanded)
Tracer gas residence time distributions (RTD) in a laboratory scale fluidized bed system have been measured for pulses of three different tracer gases (methane, ethane and propane) at different temperatures in the range 323 to 435 K. The fluidized solid was a commercial zeolite based FCC catalyst (CBZ-2), and measurements were carried out in a superficial air velocity range of 0.01 to 0.04 m/s. The data were interpreted with two-phase dense phase dispersion models for adsorptive tracers, available in the literature. In addition, modified models were considered by assuming a stationary dense phase and neglecting axial dispersion in this phase. Mean residence time, mu (1), and the variance of the residence time, sigma (2), of RTD data were calculated for each experimental run. Applying the moment technique in the Laplace domain, the differential equations for all models considered were analytically solved.