Compressed images for affinity prediction-2 (CIFAP-2): an improved machine learning methodology on protein-ligand interactions based on a study on caspase 3 inhibitors

Creative Commons License

Erdas O., Andac C. A. , Gurkan-Alp A. S. , Alpaslan F. N. , Buyukbingol E.

JOURNAL OF ENZYME INHIBITION AND MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol.30, pp.809-815, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/14756366.2014.976566
  • Page Numbers: pp.809-815
  • Keywords: Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system, partial least squares regression, sequential floating forward selection, support vector regression, SELECTIVE NONPEPTIDE INHIBITORS, ISATIN SULFONAMIDE ANALOGS, BINDING AFFINITIES, POTENT, DESCRIPTORS, VALIDATION, DOCKING, DESIGN


The aim of this study is to propose an improved computational methodology, which is called Compressed Images for Affinity Prediction-2 (CIFAP-2) to predict binding affinities of structurally related protein-ligand complexes. CIFAP-2 method is established based on a protein-ligand model from which computational affinity information is obtained by utilizing 2D electrostatic potential images determined for the binding site of protein-ligand complexes. The quality of the prediction of the CIFAP-2 algorithm was tested using partial least squares regression (PLSR) as well as support vector regression (SVR) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), which are highly promising prediction methods in drug design. CIFAP-2 was applied on a protein-ligand complex system involving Caspase 3 (CASP3) and its 35 inhibitors possessing a common isatin sulfonamide pharmacophore. As a result, PLSR affinity prediction for the CASP3-ligand complexes gave rise to the most consistent information with reported empirical binding affinities (pIC50) of the CASP3 inhibitors.