Differential roles of depressive and anxious symptoms and gender in defensiveness


Joiner T., Schmidt N., Lerew D., Cook J., Gencoz T. , Gencoz F.

JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT, cilt.75, ss.200-211, 2000 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 75 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2000
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1207/s15327752jpa7502_2
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.200-211

Özet

Among a sample of Air Force cadets facing the prospect of basic training (N = 1,190; 1,005 men and 185 women), the influence of a defensive test-taking style on measures of depressive and anxious symptoms was examined. Participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory (Beck & Steer, 1987) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (Beck, Epstein, Brown, & Steer, 1988), as well as the MMPI (Hathaway & McKinley, 1943) L scale. Results supported hypotheses that defensiveness would affect a self-report measure of depression but not a self-report measure of anxiety and would do so more among men than women. Applied implications of the results are discussed.