Preparation and characterization of cost effective spray pyrolyzed absorber layer for thin film solar cells

Sankir N. D., Aydin E., Unver H., Uluer E., PARLAK M.

SOLAR ENERGY, vol.95, pp.21-29, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 95
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.solener.2013.05.024
  • Journal Name: SOLAR ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.21-29
  • Keywords: Copper indium sulfide, Ultrasonic spray pyrolysis, Chalcopyrite film, Solar cells, CUINS2 FILMS, OPTICAL-PROPERTIES, MOTTS PARAMETERS, GROWTH, COPPER, QUALITY, GE
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, highly (1 1 2) oriented crystalline copper indium disulfide (CuInS2) thin films with high mobility have been deposited via ultrasonic spray pyrolysis. Structural and electrical properties of CuInS2 thin films were examined to utilize them in solar cell applications. Various amounts of precursor solution ranging from 0.25 to 2.02 ml/cm(2) were used to form CuInS2 thin films onto the soda lime glass substrates. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis revealed that all sprayed films were pin-hole and crack free. Atomic percent ratios of the Cu/In and S/In were very close to the targeted stoichiometric ratios of 1/1 and 2/1, respectively. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies revealed that all the deposited films were polycrystalline and exhibiting the chalcopyrite structure. Optical band gap energy of the films were calculated as 2.85 eV and decreased to 1.40 eV by increasing the solution loading. Hopping mechanism could be considered as the dominant conduction mechanism in the studied temperature range. Carrier concentrations in CuInS2 films were ranging between 10(15) and 10(17) cm(-3). Mobility and the carrier concentration of the CuInS2 thin films deposited from 1.52 ml/cm(2) solution loading were 40.1 cm(2)/V s and 1.69 x 10(17), respectively. At last but not least, the amount of solution used in this study to form CuInS2 thin films was one of the lowest values reported in the literature. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.