Synthesis of cascaded quadruplet filters involving complex transmission zeros

Sen O., Sen Y., Yildirim N.

IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS2000), Massachusetts, United States Of America, 11 - 16 June 2000, pp.1177-1180 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Massachusetts
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.1177-1180
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: No


Cascade synthesis approach in transformed frequency domain (z-domain) is reformulated to cover the extraction of complex (s = sigma +j omega) and sigma -axis transmission zeros (TZs) in addition to the usual j omega -axis TZs. It is shown that complex conjugate quadruplets of TZs (s = +/- sigma +/- j omega) can be extracted as fourth order sections by applying zero shifting technique to the TZs at both s=0 and s=infinity. The resulting fourth order sections are then transformed into cross-coupled forms with four coupled resonators, termed as linear phase Cascade Quadruplet (CQ) block. Such CQ blocks can be cascaded with the j omega -axis finite Triplet) blocks to realize linear phase filters with symmetric or asymmetric amplitude response.