This review is based on the electroluminescent and optical properties of certain polyaromatics in OLEDs with special attention to their specific function in the emitting layer, performance and emissive color. DAD and TDAD dopants depending on their concentration in the emitting layer exhibit good efficiencies and color purity for blue emission. When copolyethers with diphenylanthracene emitting segments are used in a single layer diode, visible pure blue light (440 nm maximum) around 15-20V can be achieved. J-Aggregates including anthracene moieties contribute to the efficient IR electroluminescence. Blue, white, yellow and orange electroluminescent devices can be obtained by ADNor ADN-doped with rubrene at ultra low concentrations. Pyrene derivatives (P1, P2) linked to fluorene exhibit high thermal stability, bright blue emission and improved hole injection ability. Aminobenzanthrone derivatives as host emitters emit orange-to-red light with high brightness (25000 cd. m(-2)), current efficiency (3.52 cd. A(-1)) and power efficiency. Due to its bipolar transport property, when doped in Alq3 or NPB, tetraphenylnaphtacene shows excellent yellow electroluminescence. Multiple quantum well (MQW) structures including rubrene are helpful in narrower and tunable spectral emission, as well as higher emission efficiency. Perylene derivatives such as copolymer+PVK blend show sharp red emission peaks, photochemical and thermal stability. Pentacene derivatives, DPP, 1-DNP and 2-DNP can be used to obtain highly pure purple color. An increase in the doping concentration of DPP enhances photoluminescent peak intensity. New blue-green emitting dopants like coronene, decacylene and conjugated ladder systems based on phthalocyanines are centers of attraction for electroluminescence in recent years.