Preparation of nano-scale magnetite Fe3O4 and its effects on the bulk bi-2223 superconductors

Ghazanfari N., KILIÇ A., Oezcan S., Soezeri H., Oezkan H., Gencer A.

1st Sharjah International Conference on Nanotechnology and Its Applications, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, 10 - 12 April 2007, vol.929, pp.133-134 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 929
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.2776702
  • City: Sharjah
  • Country: United Arab Emirates
  • Page Numbers: pp.133-134
  • Keywords: magnetite Fe3O4 nano-particles, TEM, Bi-2223, critical current, AC susceptibility., NANOPARTICLES, ENHANCEMENT, IMPROVEMENT
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Nano-scale magnetite (Fe3O4) powders were prepared from metallic iron and distilled water by wet milling technique. Magnetite powders so obtained were added to Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Oy superconductor by 0.00 0.05, 0.10 and 0.30 wt (x), with solid state reaction method. The structural and superconducting properties were studied by x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, magnetization and magnetic susceptibility measurements. Single-phase magnetite samples with average particle size about 25 nm were obtained with the wet milling technique. Nanoscale magnetite additions up to 0.10 wt % enhance the critical current density (J(c)) of the superconductor preserving the fraction of the high T, phase Bi-2223. Magnetite additions above 0.10 wt % decrease the critical parameters (T-c, J(c)) and the fraction of the high T-c phase.