Measurement of the intrinsic radiopurity of (CS)-C-137/U-235/U-238/Th-232 in CsI(Tl) crystal scintillators


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Zhu Y., Lin S., Singh V., Chang W., Deniz M., Lai W., ...More

NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT, vol.557, no.2, pp.490-500, 2006 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 557 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.11.192
  • Journal Name: NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.490-500
  • Keywords: scintillation detector, radioactive sources, data analysis, BETA-DECAY, NEUTRINO, DETECTOR, PERFORMANCES, SEARCH, PROSPECTS

Abstract

The inorganic crystal scintillator CsI(TI) has been used for low energy neutrino and Dark Matter experiments, where the intrinsic radiopurity is an issue of major importance. Low-background data were taken with a Csl(TI) crystal array at the Kuo-Sheng Reactor Neutrino Laboratory. The pulse shape discrimination capabilities of the crystal, as well as the temporal and spatial correlations of the events, provide powerful means of measuring the intrinsic radiopurity of Cs-137 as well as the U-215, U-238 and Th-232 series. The event selection algorithms are described, with which the decay half-lives of (218)po, (214)po, Rn-220, Po-216 and Po-212 were derived. The measurements of the contamination levels, their concentration gradients with the crystal growth axis, and the uniformity among different crystal samples, are reported. The radiopurity in the U-231 and Th-212 series are comparable to those of the best reported in other crystal scintillators. Significant improvements in measurement sensitivities were achieved, similar to those from dedicated massive liquid scintillator detector. This analysis also provides in situ measurements of the detector performance parameters, such as spatial resolution, quenching factors, and data acquisition dead time. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.