Residual stress distributions in multipass welded API 5L X70 steel plates were determined by numerical and experimental methods. SYSWELD finite element software was used for numerical simulations. Microstructure variations were also considered for calculation of residual stresses. The continuous cooling transformation diagram was obtained via JMatPro software. The results showed that residual stress distribution is sensitive to number of weld passes, and microstructure changes. The simulation results were compared with those obtained by Magnetic Barkhausen Noise measurements on the welded plates. Simulation and experimental results gave qualitatively similar tendencies for the variation of the residual stress state.