ZnO Nanorods as Antireflective Coatings for Industrial-Scale Single-Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells

AURANG P., Demircioglu O., ES F., TURAN R., ÜNALAN H. E.

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, vol.96, no.4, pp.1253-1257, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 96 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jace.12200
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1253-1257
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this work, both planar and textured, industrial scale (156mmx156mm) single-crystalline silicon (Si) solar cells have been fabricated using zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods as antireflection coating (ARC). ZnO nanorods were grown in a few minutes via hydrothermal method within a commercially available microwave oven. Relative improvement in excess of 65% in the reflectivity was observed for both planar and textured Si surfaces. Through ZnO nanorods, effective lifetime (eff) measurements were presented to investigate the surface passivation property of such an ARC layer. ZnO nanorods increased the eff from 9 to 71s at a carrier injection level of 1015cm3. Increased carrier lifetime revealed the passivation effect of the ZnO nanorods in addition to their ARC property. 33% and 16% enhancement in the photovoltaic conversion efficiency was obtained in planar and textured single-crystalline solar cells, respectively. Our results reveal the potential of ZnO nanorods as ARC that can be deposited through simple solution-based methods and the method investigated herein can be simply adapted to industrial scale fabrication.