Multi-authoring and its impact on university rankings: a case study of CERN effect on Turkish universities

ÇAKIR M. P., ACARTÜRK C., Alkan S., Akbulut U.

STUDIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION, vol.44, no.6, pp.1052-1068, 2019 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/03075079.2017.1414780
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1052-1068
  • Keywords: Multi-authored articles, academic performance, university rankings, ranking indicators, academic publishing, SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION, WORLD-REPORT, DESIGN
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Multi-authoring has been gaining popularity since the foundation of academic publishers. Today we observe a global trend in favor of multi-authoring. On the other hand, in certain domains, such as CERN collaborations in physics, multi-authoring has a different connotation than other domains. The number of co-authors may be above 5000, an all-time record in the history of academic publishing. CERN collaborations have been accomplishing one of the most significant achievements in physics, as well; therefore, the collaborations produce highly cited articles. Highly cited, multi-authored articles have influenced university rankings in the past decade, due to the distribution of the citations per affiliated institution. In the present study, we analyze the influence of multi-authored articles on ranking methodologies. Our findings reveal that the presence of multi-authored CERN articles have a significant impact on all bibliometric ranking indicators, and consequently on the ranking positions of the institutions worldwide.