Classification: The Fragment and the Whole

Derebaşı B.

Archimaera, no.10, pp.64-70, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Journal Name: Archimaera
  • Page Numbers: pp.64-70
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Perceiving the fragment in relation to the whole, this text looks at fragments as key points which reveal two different approaches of classification within the scope of scientific understanding: Giovanni Morelli, a 19th century scholar having a medical background studied the practice of connoisseurship within the framework of modern science. His method gives a priority to the fragments of paintings as traces of a ‘lost original’. This effort to systematize true judgement can be read in parallel to Durand’s Recueil et Parallèle des Edifices de tout Genre, a book prepared for his lectures at the École Polytechnique to make engineers acknowledged with architecture. In Durand’s ordering, the fragment reveals itself as constitutive element. While he eliminated particularities for the sake of a ‘whole’, Morelli used particularities in order to make a statement about the ‘whole’.