Preparation and Characterization of Mixed Halide MAPbI(3-x)Cl(x) Perovskite Thin Films by Three-Source Vacuum Deposition

Babaei A., Soltanpoor W., Tesa-Serrate M. A., Yerci S., Sessolo M., Bolink H. J.

ENERGY TECHNOLOGY, vol.8, no.4, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/ente.201900784
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Applied Science & Technology Source, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, Compendex, Environment Index, Greenfile, INSPEC
  • Keywords: halide perovskites, mixed halide perovskites, solar cells, vacuum deposition, HYBRID SOLAR-CELLS, MOLECULAR PASSIVATION, TRANSPORT, CHLORIDE
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Chloride is extensively used in the preparation of metal halide perovskites such as methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI(3-x)Cl(x)), but its persistence and role in solution-processed materials has not yet been rationalized. Multiple-source vacuum deposition of perovskites enables a fine control over thin-film stoichiometry and allows the incorporation of chemical species irrespective of their solubility. Herein, the first example of mixed MAPbI(3-x)Cl(x) thin films prepared by three-source vacuum deposition is presented using methylammonium iodide (MAI), PbI2, and PbCl2 as precursors. The optoelectronic properties of the material are evaluated through photovoltaic and electro-/photoluminescent characterizations. Besides the very similar structural and optical properties of MAPbI(3) and MAPbI(3-x)Cl(x), an increased electroluminescence efficiency, longer photoluminescence lifetimes, as well as larger photovoltage, are observed in the presence of chloride, suggesting a reduction of nonradiative charge recombination.