Efficiency of various silicon rich amendments on growth and cadmium accumulation in field grown cereals and health risk assessment

Sohail M. I. , Rehman M. Z. U. , Rizwan M., Yousaf B. , Ali S., ul Haq M. A. , ...More

CHEMOSPHERE, vol.244, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier


Cadmium (Cd) contamination of arable soils and its subsequent accumulation in food is one of the global issues which needs urgent attention. Field experiments were conducted to explore the impacts of ten silicon (Si) rich amendments on Cd bioavailability and accumulation by maize and wheat irrigated with sewage effluents. Results depicted that applied amendments decreased the total Cd accumulation in shoots and grains of both crops with and the maximum decrease was observed in rice husk biochar (RHB) treatment. The RHB was able to significantly decrease the translocation factor, Cd harvest and health risk indexes. All amendments differentially affected the soil pH, EC, CaCl2-extractable Si, and decreased the AB-DTPA-extractable soil Cd. Overall, suitable Si rich amendments (like RHB and CSB etc.) can be employed to mitigate the health risks associated with dietary Cd in untreated sewage irrigated fields. However, the cost-benefit analysis such Si rich amendments should be considered before final recommendations. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.