Tuning wettability of TiO2 thin film by photocatalytic deposition of 3D flower- and hedgehog-like Au nano- and microstructures

Shondo J., Veziroglu S., Stefan D., Mishra Y. K., Strunskus T., Faupel F., ...More

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, vol.537, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 537
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.147795
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Photocatalysis, TiO2, Thin film, Nano- and microstructure, Superhydrophobic, Superhydrophilic, SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS, SURFACES, XPS, NANOSTRUCTURES, CONVERSION, OXIDE, ACID
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: No


We propose a two-steps photocatalytic deposition method to synthesize hierarchical Au nano- and microstructures on TiO2 surface. While the first deposition leads to the formation of flower-like Au microstructures on a highly active TiO2 thin film, needle-like sharp Au nanostructures are grown on the former Au microstructures after the second deposition. TiO2 surface decorated with hierarchical Au structures exhibits a superhydrophilic state with a contact angle (CA) below 5. After the modification of Au-TiO2 surface by octadecyl-phosphonic acid (ODP)-self-assembly monolayer (SAM), an extreme water-repellency (with CA > 163 degrees) is achieved which retains its stability even after multiple low-high temperature cycles. The spatially controlled photocatalytic decomposition of OPD-SAM on TiO2 thin film allows a superhydrophilic-superhydrophobic patterning which may open lot of application avenues in microfluidics, oil-water separation including in water harvesting technologies.