This study is about the views of the leading members of the Azerbaijani elite on the resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. It covers the period from 1991 to the end of 2001 through the lenses of the Azerbaijani elite. The discussion presented in this article is based on twenty-nine in-depth personal interviews conducted with the influential members of the Azerbaijani political elite in Baku in December 2001. The focus is on issues like Azerbaijan's national policy for the settlement of the conflict, the stance of the Heydar Aliyev government on Nagorno-Karabakh, the refugees and the surfacing ideas about renewed warfare. The emphasis on a military option and the tendency for not accepting any preconditions during the peace process appear to be intensifying. This contributes to the protraction of the current status quo in the region, which is inadmissible for the international community.