Integrated Optical Modulator Based on Transition between Photonic Bands

Gövdeli A., Sarihan M. C. , Karaca U., Kocaman S.

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol.8, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/s41598-018-20097-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus


An area efficient novel optical modulator with low operation voltage is designed based on integrated Mach-Zehnder Interferometer with a photonic crystal slab structure as the phase shifter. Plasma dispersion effect is utilized so that photonic band-to-band transition occurs at the operating frequency leading to a high index change (Delta n = similar to 4) for pi-phase shift on the modulator. This approach reduces the phase shifter length to a few micrometers (similar to 5 mu m) in a silicon on insulator platform and operating voltage required is around 1 V. Low voltage together with short optical interaction length decrease optical losses and power consumption during modulation process providing a great opportunity for size and system cost optimization.