Firm size and job creation: evidence from Turkey

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Dogan E., Islam M. Q. , Yazici M.

ECONOMIC RESEARCH-EKONOMSKA ISTRAZIVANJA, vol.30, no.1, pp.349-367, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/1331677x.2017.1305804
  • Page Numbers: pp.349-367
  • Keywords: Job creation, job destruction, small firms, firm growth, entry, exit, MANUFACTURING SECTOR, DESTRUCTION


This study examines the relationship between firm size and job creation by using an extensive data set covering all non-farm Turkish businesses with 20 or more employees from 2003 to 2010. We find that small firms (firms with employees between 20 and 100 employees) have higher mean job flow rates (job creation, job destruction and net job creation rates) than large firms. Firm size and job flow rates are inversely related, and this relationship is especially prominent for firms with 50 employees or more. Although the overall pattern observed is also observed in both sectors, job creation rates in services are higher than the ones in manufacturing. The magnitudes of job destruction rates are comparable across sectors. Higher job creation rate in services but comparable job destruction rate results in higher net job creation rate in services. As for shares, only for smaller firms (20-49 and 50-99 size categories), job creation shares are greater than their shares in employment. But these firms have disproportionate job destruction shares as well. We also find that only the 20-49 category firms contribute to net job creation more than their share in employment. The smaller firms have high disproportionate shares in job creation and destruction in manufacturing and services as well.