RGD-Modified Titanium as an Improved Osteoinductive Biomaterial for Use in Dental and Orthopedic Implants

Seemann A., Akbaba S., Buchholz J., Tuerkkan S., TEZCANER A., Woche S. K., ...More

BIOCONJUGATE CHEMISTRY, vol.33, no.2, pp.294-300, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.1c00509
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.294-300
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study describes the synthesis, surface analysis, and biological evaluation of bioactive titanium surfaces. The aim was to achieve an improved effect on osteoinduction in dental and orthopedic implants. For this purpose, a chemistry was developed, which allows to bind the bioactive cyclopeptide cRGDfK covalently to biomedically used titanium via polyethylene glycol linkers of different lengths. The chemical process is practicable, robust, and metal-free. The resulting chemically modified titanium plates show improved osteoinductive properties. The modification with cRGDfK targets the integrin alpha(v)beta(3), which is highly expressed in osteoblasts and is essential for many basic functions in the development of bone tissue. The successful immobilization of cRGDfK on titanium surfaces has been demonstrated by contact angle measurements and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. We show in in vitro studies that the presence of the cRGDfK peptide on titanium surfaces has a positive effect on bone formation.