The present study presents a draft national Clean Coal Technologies and Carbon Capture and Storage Technology Roadmap to policy makers.. Various technical and non-technical (economic and social) challenges that currently prevent clean coal technologies and carbon capture and storage from being a widely used commercial technology are discussed and the goals for each research pathway are defined. The process of creating the roadmap started with a review and assessment of the existing national and international technology roadmaps, which represent a global picture of the state of the art and national and international plans fur the future on clean coal technologies and carbon capture and storage research development, demonstration, and deployment. Following this step, the national situation, capacities, and priorities were examined. Finally, research development, demonstration, and deployment actions discussed in the existing roadmaps and/or new actions were carefully selected and suggested as a draft Turkish Clean Coal Technologies and Carbon Capture and Storage Roadmap that needs further development and discussion by the input of interdisciplinary national stakeholders. As a conclusion, a number of technical and non-technical suggestions are delivered.