Adaptation of the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS) and Determination of Its Normative Values in Turkey

Caman O. K., Karahan S., Unal F., Bilir N., Saka E., Bariskin E., ...More

Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, vol.47, no.4-6, pp.315-322, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 4-6
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000500939
  • Journal Name: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.315-322
  • Keywords: Dementia, Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS), Normative data, Screening, Test standardization, MONTREAL COGNITIVE ASSESSMENT, POPULATION, DEMENTIA, IMPAIRMENT, VALIDATION, DECLINE, VERSION, TESTS, MMSE
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: No


© 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel. All rights reserved.Background/Aims: This study aimed to adapt the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS) and determine its normative values in Turkey. Methods: After translation and cultural adaptation processes, a population-based study was conducted between February and June 2016 in Ankara with individuals over the age of 55 years. Subjects with a previous diagnosis of dementia along with neuropsychiatric disorders that might affect cognition were excluded. Data analyses were performed to assess the association of sociodemographic variables with 3MS scores. Results: Two versions of the Turkish 3MS (for educated and minimally educated individuals) were developed. A total of 2,235 participants were included in the field study. After exclusion, the data on the final sample of 1,909 individuals were analyzed, where age, gender, and education accounted for variance in 3MS scores. Younger age and higher educational attainment were associated with better 3MS performance. Conclusions: A widely applicable dementia screening test was adapted to Turkish and its normative values were determined. The test will make it possible to evaluate the cognitive performance of both educated and minimally educated elderly individuals based on their age, gender, and educational level.