Perfect metamaterial absorber for applications in sustainable and high-efficiency solar cells


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Rufangura P., Sabah C.

JOURNAL OF NANOPHOTONICS, vol.12, no.2, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1117/1.jnp.12.026002
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF NANOPHOTONICS
  • Keywords: metamaterial, perfect absorber, solar cell, ULTRA-BROAD-BAND, DUAL-BAND, OPTICAL-PROPERTIES, MICROWAVE, DESIGN

Abstract

The current state of energy is characterized by complex challenges in production processes and environmental issues. With the world population continuing to multiply faster and the globalization process, additional energy production is needed to meet future demands. Solar energy is one of the best sustainable energy resources, which is expected to play a vital role in this scenario. One of the best techniques to harvest this resource is through solar photovoltaic technology, which produces electricity directly from solar radiation. But, one of the problems still persisting is its low efficiency. To harness this technology, this problem needs to be addressed. Metamaterial (MTM) technology has enabled the creation of advanced devices for various applications. Solar cell technology is one of the fields to benefit from this technology. MTM perfect absorber can be used in solar cells to improve their absorption. Multiple-bands MTM absorber for next generation high-efficiency solar cells is proposed. The design gives a nearly perfect absorption (99.94%) with a bandwidth of 23.4% in visible spectrum. In addition, the geometric flexibility of a proposed design causes its absorption rate to be insensitive of polarization angles and angles of incident electromagnetic radiations. (C) 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)