Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) offer advantageous properties as an optical gain media for lasers. Optical gain in the QDs has been shown in the whole visible spectrum, yet it has been intrinsically challenging to realize efficient amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) and lasing in the blue region of the visible spectrum. Here, we synthesize large-sized core/gradient shell CdZnS/ZnS QDs as an efficient optical gain media in the blue spectral range. In this Letter, we demonstrate for the first time that two-photon-absorption-pumped ASE from the blue-emitting QD is achievable with a threshold as low as 6 mJ/cm(2). Utilizing these QDs, we also report one-photon-absorption-pumped ASE at an ultralow threshold of similar to 60 mu J/cm(2), which is comparable to the state-of-the-art red-emitting QD-based gain media. This one-photon-pumped ASE threshold is an order of magnitude better than that of the previously reported best blue-emitting QD-based gain media.