Two dimensional simulation of laminar flow by three- jet in a semi-confined space

Mosaddeghi M.

NONLINEAR ENGINEERING - MODELING AND APPLICATION, vol.9, no.1, pp.111-117, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/nleng-2020-0001
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.111-117
  • Keywords: input jet, laminar, critical Reynolds number, mixing, SUDDEN-EXPANSION, CHANNEL, BIFURCATION, INSTABILITY, DISCHARGES


Equipment performance improvement in a wide range of working conditions is one of the major goals of aerodynamics. This goal can be achieved by the deformation of the object being examined or by using flow control techniques in active or inactive modes. In different researches, how to change the development ratio on the semi-confined space with input jet system is surveyed. In this study, two-dimensional simulation of the flow has been investigated in three-jet laminar flow in a semi-confined space. To determine the effective and optimal mixing in a laminar flow, critical Reynolds numbers were determined to distinguish when the flow in the channel from a steady-state symmetric flow formed downstream recirculation and ultimately transient flow. To better understand the flow characteristics, the simulations were changed at a fixed jet spacing (input jets distance to height of space ratio). Also, in this paper, for comparison, four jets were considered. Based on the results, it was observed that in all cases, mixing occurred in the space between three jets. Placing the jet along the walls of the semi-confined space allows the best combination, and increase in the distance between the first and third jets and reduction of the particle coefficient caused to reach the critical Reynolds number faster and, as a result, mixing in a laminar flow with geometric changes of the semi-confined space.