Effect of the Covid 19 pandemic on depression and mother-infant bonding in uninfected postpartum women in a rural region


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ERTEN Ö., BIYIK İ., SOYSAL C., İNCE O., KESKİN N., TAŞCI Y.

BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, vol.22, no.1, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s12884-022-04580-8
  • Title of Journal : BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH
  • Keywords: Postpartum depression, Maternal-infant bonding, COVID 19 pandemic, Visitor restriction, POSTNATAL DEPRESSION, MENTAL-DISORDERS, RISK-FACTORS, PREVALENCE, CHILDBIRTH, SYMPTOMS, TURKEY, SCALE

Abstract

Background Postpartum depression and maternal-infant attachment scores were examined in uninfected women during the COVID 19 pandemic in Kutahya, a rural province in Turkey's North Aegean region. Methods This cohort study was conducted in the Kutahya Health Sciences University Hospital obstetrics unit between April 2021 and August 2021. 178 low-risk term pregnant women who gave birth were given the surveys Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale and Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBQ) 6 weeks after birth. The Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale was used to determine postpartum depression and the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale was used to determine maternal attachment. Results In this study, the postpartum depression rate was calculated as 17.4%. When depressed and non-depressed patients were compared, education level, maternal age, BMI, MIBQ score, history of previous pregnancies, route of delivery, previous operation history, economic status, employment status and pregnancy follow-up information were found to be similar (p > 0.05). The ratings on the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale were found to be similar in depressed and non-depressed patients (p > 0.05). The odds of maternal depression for patients who received guests at home was 3.068 (95%CI [1.149-8.191]) times the odds of patients who did not receive guests at home. Conclusions Although a relationship has been found between accepting guests in the postpartum period and postpartum depression, it is necessary to investigate in further studies whether there is a causal relationship.